Personalizando o novo Ubuntu 10.4

by Eloi

Adicionar novas fontes de software:

# Medibuntu.
echo deb http://packages.medibuntu.org/ lucid free non-free | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list 
wget -q http://packages.medibuntu.org/medibuntu-key.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -  

# Ubuntugis-unstable.
echo deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/ubuntugis/ubuntugis-unstable/ubuntu lucid main | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
echo deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/ubuntugis/ubuntugis-unstable/ubuntu lucid main | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list 
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 6B827C12C2D425E227EDCA75089EBE08314DF160 

# Chromium.
echo deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/chromium-daily/ppa/ubuntu lucid main | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
echo deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/chromium-daily/ppa/ubuntu lucid main | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com 0xfbef0d696de1c72ba5a835fe5a9bf3bb4e5e17b5

Instalar novos programas:

# Actualizar pacotes disponíveis.
sudo apt-get update

# Para que synaptic mostre os pacotes de repositórios de terceiros.
sudo update-apt-xapian-index

# Instalar pacotes de estatística de R.
sudo apt-get install r-base r-recommended

# Instalar pacotes de SIG.
sudo apt-get install josm josm-plugins grass grass-doc gpx2shp proj gdal-bin libgdal-mrsid-src libgdal-ecw-src gpsbabel shapelib qgis e00compr avce00 unixodbc libgeos-3.1.0 spatialite-bin googleearth

# Instalar pacotes da base da dados PostgreSQL.
sudo apt-get install postgresql postgresql-8.4 postgresql-client postgresql-client-8.4 postgresql-client-common postgresql-common  postgresql-contrib postgresql-contrib-8.4 postgresql-doc postgresql-doc-8.4 postgresql-8.4-postgis postgis pgadmin3 pgadmin3-data unixodbc-bin odbc-postgresql r-cran-rodbc osm2pgsql

# Instalar vários programas de escritório.
sudo apt-get install openoffice.org-base gimp p7zip-full p7zip-rar soundconverter dvdrip gears gedit-plugins gparted gtk-recordmydesktop skype amule kismet aircrack-ng virtualbox-ose virtualbox-guest-additions chromium-browser gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad flashplugin-installer ubuntu-restricted-extras community-themes non-free-codecs

# Instalar pacotes de programação em Python.
sudo apt-get install python-beautifulsoup python-gdal python-gdata python-geoip python-matplotlib python-psycopg2 python-pyexiv2 python-pymetar python-pyproj python-qgis python-qgis-common python-qt4-sql python-rpy python-setuptools subversion

Instalar programas não disponíveis nos repositórios:

- Dropbox.

wget https://www.dropbox.com/download?dl=packages/nautilus-dropbox_0.6.2_amd64.deb

Executar, reinicio a sessão, vou a Aplications -> Internet -> Dropbox -> Aceitar.

- Picasa.

wget http://dl.google.com/linux/deb/pool/non-free/p/picasa/picasa_3.0-current_amd64.deb

- Jdownloader.

wget http://212.117.163.148/jd.sh 
chmod +x jd.sh
start jd.sh

- gvSIG.

wget http://forge.osor.eu/frs/download.php/744/gvSIG-1_9-linux-i586-withjre.bin
wget http://gvsig-desktop.forge.osor.eu/downloads/pub/projects/gvSIG-desktop/devel/gvSIG-1_9/ext/extRemoteSensing-0.1.0/1239/gvsig_extRemoteSensing-0.1.0-1239-linux-i586.bin
wget http://forge.osor.eu/frs/download.php/842/gvsig-1_9-network_extension-BN1238-linux-i586.bin
wget http://gvsig-desktop.forge.osor.eu/downloads/pub/projects/gvSIG-desktop/devel/gvSIG-1_9/ext/extSextante-0.3.0/1232/gvsig_sextante-0.3.0-1232-linux-i586.bin
wget http://gvsig-desktop.forge.osor.eu/downloads/pub/projects/gvSIG-desktop/devel/gvSIG-1_9/ext/extTopology-0.1.0/1235/gvsig_topologia-0.1.0-1235-linux-i586.bin
wget http://forge.osor.eu/frs/download.php/1088/NavTable-0.6_gvSIG-1.9-linux-i586.bin

sudo chmod +x gvSIG-1_9-linux-i586-withjre.bin
sudo chmod +x gvsig_extRemoteSensing-0.1.0-1239-linux-i586.bin
sudo chmod +x gvsig-1_9-network_extension-BN1238-linux-i586.bin
sudo chmod +x gvsig_sextante-0.3.0-1232-linux-i586.bin
sudo chmod +x gvsig_topologia-0.1.0-1235-linux-i586.bin
sudo chmod +x NavTable-0.6_gvSIG-1.9-linux-i586.bin

./gvSIG-1_9-linux-i586-withjre.bin
./gvsig_extRemoteSensing-0.1.0-1239-linux-i586.bin
./gvsig-1_9-network_extension-BN1238-linux-i586.bin
./gvsig_sextante-0.3.0-1232-linux-i586.bin
./gvsig_topologia-0.1.0-1235-linux-i586.bin
./NavTable-0.6_gvSIG-1.9-linux-i586.bin

Personalizar alguns aspectos do sistema:

- Desactivar a confirmação de apagado.
Alt+F2 e gconf-editor, ir a apps -> indicator-session. Selecionar ‘supress_logout_restart_shutdown’.

- Desactivar o som de login.

sudo mv /usr/share/sounds/ubuntu/stereo/system-ready.ogg /usr/share/sounds/ubuntu/stereo/system-ready_.ogg

- Desactivar o som de inicio de sessão.
System -> Preferences -> Startup Aplications -> E desactivar ‘Gnome login sound’.

- Auriculares sem som.

alsamixer

Mover com as setas até ‘MM’, pressionar a tecla ‘M’, e passará a ’00’.

- Ver em modo texto o percurso das pastas em vez de botões na barra superior do Nautilus.
Alt+F2 e gconf-editor, ir a apps -> nautilus -> session -> preferences -> E activar ‘always_use_location_entry’.

Resolvendo alguns problemas:

- Touchpad edge scrolling não funcionava.

sudo gedit /etc/modprobe.d/options
options psmouse proto=imps

- Computador não se apaga e a ligação HDMI com a TV não funciona.
System -> Administration -> Hardware Drivers e instalar o driver proprietário recomendado.

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